In a new “roadmap” to the peace pact that has been criticized by some international supporters, South Sudan’s unity government has declared a two-year extension of the post-civil war “transitional period,” slated to conclude in 2023. 

“After lengthy deliberations, the committee agreed to extend the transition period by 24 months,” Government Affairs Minister Martin Elia Lomuro announced to diplomats, President Salva Kiir and First Vice President Riek Machar on Thursday (August 4) 

“A new roadmap has been agreed,” he added, explaining that the decision had been taken “to address the challenges that are hampering the implementation of the peace agreement. 

The end of the “transitional period” was scheduled for 2022 after several postponements was pushed back to February 2023 due to the lack of progress on many provisions of the peace agreement that ended a five-year civil war between sworn enemies Riek Machar and Salva Kiir in 2018 leaving nearly 400,000 people dead and millions displaced. 

The agreement led to power-sharing in a unity government inaugurated in February 2020, with Mr Kiir as president and Mr Machar as vice-president. 

Representatives of the US, UK and Norway, the “troika” that sponsored the country’s independence in 2011, boycotted the meeting at which the extension was announced. 

In a letter to President Salva Kiir, they deplored the fact that all parties concerned had not been consulted. 

“We are writing to you personally to express our deep concern that inclusive consultations must take place with civil society, religious groups, economic actors, women’s groups, youth representatives, eminent persons and international partners before the R-ARCSS is amended,” they wrote. 

“Whether a roadmap or an extension is considered legitimate by the people of South Sudan and the international community depends on an inclusive consultation process,” they added. 

“We cannot guarantee that we will be able to support a roadmap or an extension in other circumstances. The roadmap must demonstrate how a new extension differs from previous ones and includes steps for clear progress in building the institutions and mechanisms needed to hold elections,” they warn. 

Many provisions of the 2018 agreement remain unimplemented, partly due to ongoing disputes between the two rivals.

Political and ethnic conflict, as well as ongoing instability, have been South Sudan’s problems ever since its independence.

 

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